Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability
What is the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities?
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is an agreement by countries around the world to make sure that people with disabilities and people without disabilities are treated equally.
The CRPD was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 13th December 2006; it opened to signatures on 30th March 2007 and came into force on 3rd May 2008 following ratification by the 20th State Party.
Australia ratified the Convention and its Optional Protocol on 17 July 2008 and joined other countries around the world in a global effort to promote the equal and active participation of all people with disability in society and community life.
What is the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities?
The Committee is a body of 18 independent experts which monitors implementation of the CRPD. The members of the Committee serve in their individual capacity, not as government representatives. They are elected from a list of persons nominated by the States at the Conference of the State Parties for a four year term with a possibility of being re-elected once.
What is the Optional Protocol to the Convention?
The Optional Protocol which entered into force at the same time as the Convention, establishes two additional mandates for the Committee:
- The receipt and examination of individual complaints
- The undertaking of inquiries in the case of reliable evidence of grave and systematic violations of the Convention
The principles (main beliefs) of the CRPD are
(a) Respect for everyone’s inherent dignity, freedom to make their own choices and independence.
(b) Non-discrimination (treating everyone fairly).
(c) Full participation and inclusion in society (being included in your community).
(d) Respect for differences and accepting people with disabilities as part of human diversity.
(e) Equal opportunity.
(f) Accessibility (having access to transportation, places and information, and not being refused access because you have a disability).
(g) Equality between men and women (having the same opportunities whether you are a male or female).
(h) Respect for the evolving capacity of children with disabilities and their right to preserve their identity (being respected for your abilities and proud of who you are).
For more information on the CRPD: